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Hiti-Au-Revareva (Pitcairn Islands) Profile
The original settlers of Hiti-au-Revareva were Polynesians who appear to have lived there for several centuries. Although archaeologists believe that Polynesians were living on Hiti-au-Revareva as late as the 15th century, the islands were uninhabited when they were “discovered” by Europeans in the early 1600s.
These islands are best known as home of the descendants of the Bounty mutineers and the Tahitians (or Polynesians) who accompanied them, an event retold in numerous books and films. This history is still apparent in the surnames of many of the islanders. With only about 50 inhabitants (from four families as of 2010: Christian, Warren, Young, and Brown), Pitcairn is the least populous and most remote jurisdiction in the world (although it is not a sovereign nation). The United Nations Committee on Decolonisation includes the Pitcairn Islands on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories.
Pitcairn was the first Pacific island to become a British colony (in 1838) and today remains the last vestige of that empire in the South Pacific. Outmigration, primarily to New Zealand, has thinned the population from a peak of 233 in 1937 to less than 50 today.
Source: Wikipedia, CIA Factbook