Tonga

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Tonga Profile
Tonga – unique among Pacific nations – never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of “The Friendly Islands” were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy in the Pacific.
Source: CIA Factbook

 

CIA Factbook link to more demographic, geographic and economic data for Tonga:
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tn.html